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Solid Earth An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 10 Sep 2019

Submitted as: research article | 10 Sep 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Solid Earth (SE).

Asthenospheric anelasticity effects on ocean tide loading in the East China Sea region observed with GPS

Junjie Wang1,2, Nigel T. Penna2, Peter J. Clarke2, and Machiel S. Bos3 Junjie Wang et al.
  • 1School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China
  • 2School of Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  • 3SEGAL, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal

Abstract. Anelasticity may decrease the shear modulus of the asthenosphere by 8–10 % at semi-diurnal tidal periods compared with the reference 1 s period of seismological Earth models. We show that such anelastic effects are likely to be significant for ocean tide loading displacement at the M2 tidal period around the East China Sea. By comparison with tide gauge observations, we establish that NAO99Jb is the most accurate numerical ocean tide model in this region, and that related errors in the predicted M2 vertical ocean tide loading displacements will be 0.2–0.5 mm. In contrast, GPS observations on the Ryukyu Islands (Japan), with uncertainty 0.2–0.3 mm, show discrepancies of over 1.5 mm with respect to ocean tide loading displacements predicted using the purely elastic radial Preliminary Reference Earth Model. We show that the use of an anelastic PREM-based Earth model reduces these discrepancies to no more than 0.8 mm, which is of the same order as the sum of the remaining errors due to uncertainties in the ocean tide model and the GPS observations. Use of a regional Earth model based on the laterally-varying S362ANI, with or without further empirical tuning, results in minor additional improvements in fit.

Junjie Wang et al.
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Junjie Wang et al.
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Publications Copernicus
Short summary
Changes in the Earth's elastic strength at increasing timescales of deformation affect predictions of its response to the shifting weight of the oceans caused by tides. We show that these changes are detectable using GPS and must be accounted for, but that 3-D or locally-tuned models of the Earth's behaviour around the East China Sea provide only slightly better predictions than a simpler model which varies only with depth. Use of this model worldwide will improve precise positioning by GPS.
Changes in the Earth's elastic strength at increasing timescales of deformation affect...