Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 4.165 IF 4.165
  • IF 5-year value: 4.075 IF 5-year 4.075
  • CiteScore value: 4.28 CiteScore 4.28
  • SNIP value: 1.501 SNIP 1.501
  • SJR value: 1.060 SJR 1.060
  • IPP value: 4.21 IPP 4.21
  • h5-index value: 29 h5-index 29
  • Scimago H index value: 27 Scimago H index 27
Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2017-75
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-2017-75
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 06 Nov 2017

Review article | 06 Nov 2017

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Solid Earth (SE). The revised manuscript was not accepted.

Phytoextraction and the economic perspective of phytomining of heavy metals

Amjad Ali1, Di Guo1, Amanullah Mahar1,2, Wang Ping1, Fazli Wahid3, Feng Shen1, Ronghua Li1, and Zengqiang Zhang1 Amjad Ali et al.
  • 1College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, China
  • 2Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, 76080, Pakistan
  • 3Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, 25130, Pakistan

Abstract. The world rapid growing population, expanding economics and anthropogenic activities contribute to heavy metals pollution, which are non-biodegradable, persistent and threaten the environment. The rising level of heavy metals in environment emphasizes on indigenous technologies, but conventional technologies are too expensive, laborious and result in secondary pollution. Phytoremediation/phytoextraction is a plant based technology, which is environmental friendly, economic and effective for heavy metals remediation. The global market of phytoremediation is 34–54 billion US$ and is expanding in the developed countries, providing an opportunity for this green technology. Suitability of phytoextraction depends on biomass production, accumulation rate and tolerance to target metals. Metals uptake can be enhanced by exploring effective hyperaccumulators, expanding phytomining operations and extending molecular studies on accumulation mechanism, tolerance and sensitivity of heavy metals. Hyperaccumulator plants achieve greater performance at low cost than conventional technologies for in situ metal removal. Phytomining generate revenue and provide new research area for biofortification of food and feed, biofuel and metal rich biochar production in future. This review highlights the sources of heavy metals and its effects on plants, enhancing phytoremediation process and increasing economic benefits of phytomining.

Amjad Ali et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Interactive discussion
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Amjad Ali et al.
Amjad Ali et al.
Viewed  
Total article views: 804 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
535 258 11 804 4 13
  • HTML: 535
  • PDF: 258
  • XML: 11
  • Total: 804
  • BibTeX: 4
  • EndNote: 13
Views and downloads (calculated since 06 Nov 2017)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 06 Nov 2017)
Viewed (geographical distribution)  
Total article views: 802 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 791 with geography defined and 11 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Cited  
Saved  
No saved metrics found.
Discussed  
Latest update: 14 Dec 2018
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
The global anthropogenic activities led to heavy metals pollution. Conventional technologies are too expensive, laborious and results in secondary pollution. The green technology like phytoremediation is environmental friendly and economical. The uptake by phytoremediation can be more effective by exploring hyperaccumulators, expanding phytomining and molecular studies. This review is part of compiling the published work on the successful trials of phytoremediation and its economic benefits.
The global anthropogenic activities led to heavy metals pollution. Conventional technologies are...
Citation
Share