Energy of plate tectonics calculation and projection
N. H. Swedan
Consultant, Ypsilanti, MI, USA
Received: 30 Dec 2012 – Accepted for review: 10 Jan 2013 – Discussion started: 14 Feb 2013
Abstract. Mathematics and observations suggest that the energy of the geological activities resulting from plate tectonics is equal to the latent heat of melting, calculated at mantle's pressure, of the new ocean crust created at midocean ridges following sea floor spreading. This energy varies with the temperature of ocean floor, which is correlated with surface temperature. The objective of this manuscript is to calculate the force that drives plate tectonics, estimate the energy released, verify the calculations based on experiments and observations, and project the increase of geological activities with surface temperature rise caused by climate change.
Swedan, N. H.: Energy of plate tectonics calculation and projection, Solid Earth Discuss., 5, 135-161, doi:10.5194/sed-5-135-2013, 2013.